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Van Gogh paintings stolen from Amsterdam found in Italy

Vincent van Gogh, View of the Sea at Scheveningen, 1882Image copyright
Van Gogh museum

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View of the Sea at Scheveningen has been described by experts as priceless

Italian police have recovered two Van Gogh paintings stolen during a dramatic raid on an Amsterdam museum in 2002.

The works were recovered from the Naples mafia, they said.

The Van Gogh museum in Amsterdam said the works were found during a “massive, continuing investigation” by Italian prosecutors and organised crime officials.

The paintings were taken when thieves used a ladder and sledgehammers to break into the museum.

They were among assets worth millions of euros seized from a Camorra group linked to cocaine trafficking, Italian reports said. La Repubblica said they had been found in a house at Castellammare di Stabia, near Pompeii.

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Van Gogh museum

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Van Gogh’s father was a minister at the Reformed Church in Nuenen

The theft of the two works, described as priceless, led to criticism of security at the world’s major art museums.

The thieves broke into the museum through the roof during the night of 6-7 December 2002 and used sledgehammers to break a first-floor window.

They took the paintings off the walls of the main exhibition hall. Experts were baffled at the time of the theft because guards had been on patrol and infra-red security systems were in place.

Neither work was insured at the time, and both were on loan to the Van Gogh museum from the Dutch government. Two Dutch citizens were jailed for theft but always maintained their innocence.

The museum said it was so far unclear when the works would be returned to Amsterdam but in a statement it said they appeared to be in “relatively good condition”.

Why are the paintings significant?

Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) is widely considered the greatest Dutch artist after Rembrandt.

Seascape at Scheveningen was one of only two seascapes he painted while he lived in the Netherlands.

It shows a foaming, stormy sea and thundery sky, and was painted in 1882 while he was staying in The Hague.

Congregation Leaving the Reformed Church at Nuenen (1884) was painted for Van Gogh’s mother, but also partly for his father, who had become a pastor at the church in 1882. When his father died in 1884, Van Gogh added churchgoers including a few women wearing shawls used for mourning.

Van Gogh committed suicide in France in 1890.

Recovering stolen masterpieces

The 2002 Van Gogh museum raid was one of a series of thefts that shocked the art world.

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AFP

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Munch’s 1893 work The Scream was found two years after it was torn from a museum wall in Oslo in 2004

Two years later, two Edvard Munch masterpieces, The Scream and Madonna, were seized by armed men who raided the Munch museum in Oslo.

Several men were jailed and the paintings later recovered after painstaking detective work in 2006.

Another version of The Scream was stolen from the National Art Museum in Oslo in 1994 and that too was later recovered in a sting operation by UK detectives.

Earlier this year, four paintings out of a haul of 24 stolen from a Dutch gallery in 2005 were recovered in Ukraine.